Top 10 Definition of Artificial Intelligence by Different Authors

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has become a common term in today’s technological world. In this world the artificial intelligence (ai) can do such work or task that typically require human intelligence. AI has gather various interpretations from different scholars and experts in the field. This article aims to provide insights into the top 10 definition of artificial intelligence by different authors, giving light on their perspectives and contributions.

definition of artificial intelligence by different authors

John McCarthy (1955):

John McCarthy, known as the father of AI, coined the term in 1955 and laid the foundation for the field. His definition highlight the scientific and engineering aspects of creating machines capable of human-like intelligence.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.”

Marvin Minsky (1968):

Marvin Minsky’s definition refers to the capability of AI to perform tasks that typically demand human-like intelligence, sparking thoughts on replications and augmentation of human abilities.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science of making machines do things that would require intelligence if done by humans.”

Herbert A. Simon (1957):

Herbert A. Simon’s focus on heuristic programs highlights AI’s capacity to discover efficient solutions through methods distinct from human problem-solving techniques.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the study of how to make computers do things at which, at the moment, people are better.”

Alan Turing (1950):

Alan Turing’s pioneering work delved into the concept of machine intelligence, challenging us to contemplate the possibility of machines exhibiting human-like thought processes.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of a machine to carry out any intellectual task which a human being can.”

Elaine Rich (1983):

Elaine Rich’s definition points out the pursuit of AI as the exploration of tasks that currently surpass computer capabilities but are achievable through advancements in technology.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the study of how to make computers do things that, at the moment, people do better.”

Ray Kurzweil (2005):

Ray Kurzweil’s perspective brings out the creative aspect of AI, portraying it as an artistic endeavour to develop machines that replicate human-like intelligent functions.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the art of creating machines that perform functions that require intelligence when performed by people.”

Stuart Russell and Peter Norvig (2010):

Russell and Norvig’s definition highlights AI’s concentration on creating agents capable of perceiving the environment and taking actions accordingly, mirroring human decision-making.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the study of agents that receive percepts from the environment and perform actions.”

Demis Hassabis (2015):

Demis Hassabis, a prominent figure in AI research, succinctly encapsulates AI’s essence in enhancing machines with intelligence, making them capable of smart actions.

“Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the ability of a machine to reason, learn, and act autonomously.”

Andrew Ng (2016):

Andrew Ng’s analogy likens AI to a transformative force, akin to electricity, shaping industries, and revolutionizing technology.

“Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ability of machines to learn and perform tasks that normally require human intelligence.”

Gary Marcus (2018):

Gary Marcus emphasizes AI as an extension of human capabilities, enabling us to accomplish tasks and solve problems that would otherwise be challenging.

“Artificial Intelligence is a tool that extends our own capabilities.”


The diverse definitions of artificial intelligence by prominent authors represent the multifaceted nature of AI. These definitions have shaped the understanding and evolution of the field, portraying AI as a science, an art, and a transformative tool. As technology advances, these perspectives continue to guide AI research and development, paving the way for an exciting future where machines and humans collaborate to achieve unprecedented feats of intelligence.


Who coined the term “Artificial Intelligence”?

The term “Artificial Intelligence” was coined by John McCarthy in 1955, often referred to as the father of AI.

What is the Turing Test?

The Turing Test is a benchmark proposed by Alan Turing to assess whether a machine can exhibit intelligent behavior indistinguishable from that of a human.

How did John McCarthy contribute to AI?

John McCarthy coined the term “Artificial Intelligence” and envisioned AI as a field focused on creating intelligent agents capable of problem-solving.

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